RESIGNS THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE--PERSONAL AND OFFICIAL RELATIONS WITH PRESIDENT TYLER--PECUNIARY TROUBLES-- RETIRES TO MARSHFIELD--LIFE AT THE SEA-SHORE--SPEECH AT THE ROCHESTER CATTLE-FAIR, ON REPUDIATION--SOLICITED BY THE MASSACHUSETTS WHIGS TO REAPPEAR IN THE POLITICAL FIELD--SPEECH AT ANDOVER--DISCOVERS THE PROJECT FOR THE ANNEXATION OF TEXAS--EFFORTS TO AROUSE THE NORTH IN OPPOSITION TO THIS SCHEME--SOLICITED TO RETURN TO THE SENATE--REASONS FOR DECLINING AT PRESENT--THE CASE OF STEPHEN GIRARD'S WILL--WHIG NOMINATION OF MR. CLAY FOR THE PRESIDENCY--MR. WEBSTER ADVOCATES HIS ELECTION-- THE ATTITUDE OF THE TEXAS QUESTION--APPROACHING CONFLICTS IN REGARD TO SLAVERY.
MR. WEBSTER'S work, as Secretary of State, was now done. On the 8th of May, 1843, he resigned. What he had accomplished for the country and for his own lasting reputation has been described. But, in estimating the effect on his own political fortunes of his remaining in Mr. Tyler's Cabinet, it is necessary to recur to the state of things existing between President Tyler and the Whigs, and to speak of that very eminent political leader who controlled, at this time, the course of the Whigs in Congress. This party had been intrusted with the government by the votes of the people, in order, among other purposes, that it might carry out its policy in the establishment of a National Bank.