FAREWELL TO MARSHFIELD FOR THE WINTER--ILLNESS OF MRS. APPLETON--DEATH OF MAJOR EDWARD WEBSTER--SKETCH OF HIS LIFE AND CHARACTER BY HIS BROTHER--MR. WEBSTER DETAINED AT WASHINGTON BY THE PENDING TREATY OF PEACE --PREDICTS THE CONSEQUENCES OF NEW ACQUISITIONS OF TERRITORY--ARRIVAL IN BOSTON--DEATH OF MRS. APPLETON-- EFFECT OF THE DEATHS OF HIS CHILDREN--PREPARES THE FAMILY BURIAL-PLACE AT MARSHFIELD--RETURNS TO THE SENATE--EXPECTED NOMINATION OF GENERAL TAYLOR FOR THE PRESIDENCY--MISTAKES OF MR. WEBSTER'S FRIENDS--NOMINATION OF GENERAL TAYLOR BY THE WHIGS--REITERATES HIS OBJECTIONS TO INCREASING THE AREA OF SLAVERY--ADVISES THE ELECTION OF GENERAL TAYLOR, AND ASSIGNS HIS REASONS--SPEECHES AT MARSHFIELD AND IN FANEUIL HALL-- DEATH OF MR. JEREMIAH MASON--EULOGIUM PRONOUNCED BY MR. WEBSTER AT A MEETING OF THE BOSTON BAR.
THE following letter, written by Mr. Webster before his departure from Marshfield, at the close of the year 1847, describes his last visit to that place before leaving it for the labors of the winter:
[TO MR. BLATCHFORD.]
"MARSHFIELD, Tuesday Morning, Five o'clock, December 7, 1847.
"MY DEAR SIR: It is a beautiful, clear, cold, still morning. I rose at four o'clock, and have looked forth. The firmament is glorious. Jupiter and Venus are magnificent; 'and stars unnumbered gild the glowing pole.' I wish I could once see the constellations of the South,