RADICAL RECONSTRUCTION IN THE SOUTH (1867-1868)
T HROUGHOUT the year of active tension between executive and Congress at Washington, the process of reorganization in the South, which Johnson was charged with systematically obstructing, had gone steadily forward on the lines laid down in the reconstruction acts. When the generals assumed control of their respective districts, in March, 1867, military rule under the Federal authority was probably the only species of government that could have maintained order; for the bitterness of the whites over negro suffrage would have caused disturbances beyond the power of the civil officers to suppress. No disposition anywhere appeared, however, to resist the Federal military power, and a mere handful of troops was sufficient to sustain a far-reaching despotism.
It was, indeed, no novelty for the people of the South to be subject to government by the United States army. The situation under the reconstruction acts was the same that had existed after the close of hostilities and before the recognition of the