THE LIBERAL REPUBLICAN MOVEMENT AND ITS FAILURE (1870-1872)
T HE impulse to organized opposition by Republicans to the policies and persons that were dominant at Washington came from Missouri. In that state the disfranchisement and proscription of Confederate sympathizers took an extreme form,1 and was persisted in, despite a growing popular hostility, until 1870. Then at last the Republican party of the state was split on the issue, and the radicals who held control were defeated by a coalition of bolting Liberals with the Democrats.2 The state constitution was so revised as to end the discriminations which the war had caused, and the policy of conciliation and peace, thus triumphant, attracted much attention and favor throughout the country.
In spirit and result the Missouri plan of dealing with southern conditions stood in absolute contrast to that which was embodied in the enforcement____________________