THE SUPREME COURT AND RECONSTRUCTION (1865-1875)
THE full realization of what must follow the loss of control in Congress stimulated the Republicans to make all possible use of the short session of 1874-1875, during which their majorities would still be available. There was the usual recrimination within the party as to which of the factions was most responsible for the disaster in the elections. The reforming element blamed the administration, with its record of extravagance and scandal; the radicals blamed the reformers, with their carping at the president and his friends and with their abandonment of the interests of the party in the South. It was undeniable, however, that in two matters which had everywhere great influence with the voters--the Crédit Mobilier and the salary grab --the discredit was distributed rather evenly through the party.
The question of the currency proved to be that on which the Republican factions in Congress could be most readily brought into harmony for the making up of a party record. President Grant, in his