Robert J. Spitzer is an associate professor and department chair of the Political Science Department at the State University of New York College at Cortland. He is the author of two other books, The Presidency and Public Policy: The Four Arenas of Presidential Power ( 1983), and The Right to Life Movement and Third Party Politics ( 1987). His articles have appeared in the Journal of Politics, Policy Studies Journal, Presidential Studies Quarterly, the National Civic Review, America, and various edited volumes. He is currently serving as a member of the New York State Commission on the Bicentennial of the U.S. Constitution. Spitzer received his B.A., summa cum laude, from SUNY College at Fredonia ( 1975) and his Ph.D. from Cornell University ( 1980).