JOHANN WOLFGANG GOETHE
28 August, Goethe born into a well-to-do family in Frankfurt|
|1756-63||Seven Years War.|
|1752-65|| Goethe privately educated. He has tutors in French, Hebrew,|
Italian, English. His early reading: Klopstock, Homer in transla-
tion, the Bible, French classical dramatists.
At the University of Leipzig reading Law and a good deal else.|
Friendships and love affairs (Käthchen Schönkopf), many
poems in Rococo style, first comedies. First readings of
8 June, Winckelmann murdered in Trieste. August 1768-March|
1770, Goethe mostly at home in Frankfurt, often ill. Interest in
alchemy, association with Pietists.
Student in Strasburg, in love with Friederike Brion, friendship|
with Herder, reading Shakespeare, Ossian, Homer. The break-
through into his own poetic voice.
In Frankfurt and Wetzlar. The first version of Götz, in six weeks.|
Some legal, more literary activity. He writes many of the great
poems of his Sturm und Drang. First version of Werther in the
spring of 1774. Götz staged in Berlin. Vast success of Werther.
At some point in these years, begins working on Faust.
In love with Lili Schönemann, engagement to her. Journey to|
Switzerland. Egmont begun. Invited to Weimar. Breaks off his
engagement. November, arrives in Weimar and is captivated by
Charlotte von Stein.
|1776|| Herder moves to Weimar. Goethe becomes a servant of the|
State. Goethe's responsibilities--for roads and mines--and his
inspection of the Duke's forests generate interests in geology
and botany. Also works on anatomy.
Ennobled ('von Goethe') in 1782. Growing burden of work for|
the Weimar Duchy. Writes some poems, but cannot progress
with larger projects like Faust and Wilhelm Meister. Increasing