RATIOS OF CHILDREN TO WOMEN IN THE RURAL POPULATIONS OF THE STATES
The ratios of children in Table 31, column C, are for the native white women in the rural population. The first thing to attract attention is that they are considerably higher than those for the cities with which we have been dealing in the two preceding chapters. Detailed comparisons dealing with city and rural groups are discussed in Chapter VI; here attention is confined to the differences shown in the rural population of the States and to the factors that seem to account more or less fully for these differences.
The range of the ratios in the native rural population is fairly large, from 436 in Rhode Island to 1,012 in Utah, but not as large as in the cities. There is a little more homogeneity in the native white rural population in respect to the ratio of children than in the native white city population, although with this range, equal to one and one-third times the lower limit, and the general character of the distribution,1 it can scarcely be said that this homogeneity in the native white rural population is very marked.
If Table 31 is compared with Table 20 in Chapter III it will be seen that, whereas the New England States in general have very low ratios of children in the native white rural population, several of the New England cities stand relatively high among cities in this respect. In absolute numbers, however, they are much lower than the rural districts by which they are surrounded. In contrast with New England cities, California cities keep the California rural districts company near the bottom of their respective lists. In the South most of the larger cities stand not far from the median in ratios of children, but the rural districts stand near the top. In the Middle West both cities and rural districts occupy a middle position in their ratios. It is in the South, therefore, that we find the greatest contrast in ratios of children to native white women between the cities and the rural districts.
Of the factors of which we have been able to take account here, the rurality of the State as measured by the per cent of the total population that is rural appears to be most closely related to the____________________