Civil Versus Military Authority
IN spite of the fact that several years have elapsed since the end of the actual fighting in World War II, the struggle for supremacy between the civil and military authorities with respect to several important issues, still continues.
A. The Atomic Energy Commission and the Atomic Bomb . -- Thus, it remains to be determined whether the custody and control of the atomic bomb is to be transferred from the Atomic Energy Commission to the armed services.1 This is substantially the same issue which was at stake two years ago in Congress, to wit, civilian versus military control of atomic energy. The current issue as to the control of atomic bombs manufactured by the Commission probably grows out of the recent moves for unification of the armed services.
Perhaps the solution of this problem lies in modification of the Atomic Energy Act so as to vest in the military authorities more responsibility in policy-making than now possessed. The solution of the entire problem doubtless rests on a further study of its political as well as its technical military aspects, in the light of our national defense needs.
B. The Peacetime Draft . -- The move for a Universal Military Training Bill was forced to give way to the Selective Draft Bill, chiefly as a result of opposition which developed in the House. It provided for increasing the strength of the armed forces from 1,384,500 men to 2,005,882, including personnel to man a greatly enlarged Air Force. It further provided that all men between the____________________