Family Treasures: A Study of the Inheritance of Normal Characteristics in Man

By David D. Whitney | Go to book overview

GLOSSARY OF TERMS COMMONLY USED IN THE
STUDY OF HEREDITY IN MAN
ACQUIRED CHARACTER. A character in man developed by the action of the environment upon the body.
ADOLESCENCE. The period of life between childhood and maturity.
ALBINISM. Lack of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes.
ALLELOMORPH OR ALLELE. One of a pair of contrasted characters or genes. Thus one of the pair of genes might be the recessive gene for blue eyes and the other the dominant gene for brown eyes.
ALLERGY. A natural acute sensitiveness to a substance which does not act as a poison by causing the development of an antitoxin.
BACKCROSS. "The mating an F1 hybrid to one of the parental races crossed to produce the F1 hybrid" (Journal of Heredity).
BLENDING INHERITANCE. "Inheritance in which the F1 is intermediate between the parental types with respect to a given character difference and in which clearly defined segregation is lacking in the F2 generation" ( Journal of Heredity).
BRACHYDACTYLY. "Occurrence of short fingers or toes due to shortness of the finger bones or to the absence of one of the phalanges" ( Journal of Heredity).
CHARACTER OR CHARACTERISTIC. A term used to designate any structure, function, or trait of man.
CHROMOSOMES. "Tiny, dark-staining bodies visible under the microscope in the nucleus of the cell at the time of cell-division. The number of chromosomes in man is 48. The chromosomes carry the genes, linearly arranged" ( Journal of Heredity).
CONGENITAL. "Present at birth" ( Journal of Heredity).
CROSS-FERTILIZATION. "The union of a sperm from one individual with an egg from another individual" ( Colin).
DETERMINER. An element which controls the development of a certain character.
DIHYBRID. An individual which is heterozygous with respect to two pairs of genes, as Aa, Bb.

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Family Treasures: A Study of the Inheritance of Normal Characteristics in Man
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 1
  • Contents 3
  • Preface 5
  • Chapter I- The Family 9
  • Chapter II- The Individual 30
  • Chapter III- Hair 48
  • Chapter IV- The Eyes 82
  • Chapter V- The Mouth 94
  • Chapter VI - The Ears 110
  • Chapter VII- The Nose, Cheeks, Chin, and Jaws 126
  • Chapter IX- The Feet 172
  • Chapter X- The Body 186
  • Chapter XI- Temperaments and Special Abilities 203
  • Chapter XII- Good Health 228
  • Chapter XIII- Birthmarks, Acquired Characters, and Disease 239
  • Chapter XIV- Sex 256
  • Chapter XV- Nature of Man 267
  • Glossary of Terms Commonly Used in the Study of Heredity in Man 288
  • Index 295
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