A Catalogue of Instruments and Models in the Possession of the American Philosophical Society

By Robert P. Multhauf | Go to book overview

VIII
Agricultural Machinery

In the eighteenth century no topic was given greater emphasis, among those who interested themselves in technological improvements, than agriculture. This was as true of the American Philosophical Society as of its European predecessors, but in 1785 a society for the promotion of agriculture was established in Philadelphia, with a cabinet of its own, and the period of the extensive involvement of the American Philosophical Society in agriculture proved to be short-lived.


MODEL OF A MOWING MACHINE (Fig. 16)

Made and presented by John Jones of Indian River. Wooden model of white pine and mahogany with steel cutter, 8" X 2" X 4 1/2". Unmarked. Received in 1771.

Its general appearance is that of the horse-drawn plow of the period. A large wheel which rolls along the ground has an integral pulley through which it drives a vertical shaft having a four-bladed cutter at its lower end.

A reaper with immovable cutters was used in Roman Gaul. Its modern history is supposed to have begun with Capel Lofft of England, who submitted a plan for a machine in 1785, in response to the offer of a premium by the Royal Society of Arts five years earlier. Its description has not survived. Mowing machines were patented from 1803, having as a very common feature circular cutters similar to those in the present specimen.21 Jones' machine, "for working a number of scythes with a horse," as it is called in the Curator's Donation Book, appears to have been overlooked by historians of this subject, as it antedates by fourteen years even the shadowy machine of Lofft. It would seem that this specimen is the earliest design for a mowing machine of which we have record.

John Jones of Indian River is not to be confused with the more famous physician who was associated with King's College and the

____________________
21
M. F. Miller, The evolution of reaping mechines, 12, Washington, 1902; P. W. Bidwell and J. I. Falconer, History of agriculture in the northern United States, 1620 to 1860, 212, Washington, 1925.

-42-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
A Catalogue of Instruments and Models in the Possession of the American Philosophical Society
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • Illustrations xi
  • Early Museums of Instruments and Models 1
  • The American Philosophical Society 4
  • I - Apparatus for Astronomy, Geodesy, And Surveying. 8
  • II - Electrical Apparatus 16
  • III - Geographical Apparatus and Models 21
  • IV - Meteorological Apparatus 24
  • V - Apparatus for Physical Science and Medicine 26
  • VI - Mathematical Instruments and Models 34
  • VII - Mechanical Models 36
  • VIII - Agricultural Machinery 42
  • IX - Ship Models and Nautical Instruments 44
  • X - Timekeeping 49
  • XI - Heating Appliances 54
  • XII - Apparatus for the Graphic Arts 60
  • List of Specimens by Catalogue Number 63
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 80

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.