Pornography: Research Advances and Policy Considerations

By Dolf Zillmann; Jennings Bryant | Go to book overview

The image of the pornography consumer as a loner who lacks socialization skills appears, as a general rule, to be inaccurate. Whereas most research has identified differences in male versus female use of pornography, the reasons for the suggested differences remain unclear. Burt ( 1976) and Thomas ( 1986) suggest that cultural and market forces work to deny women equal opportunity with males to enjoy pornography.

The 1985 Attorney General's Commission on Pornography reported increased public tolerance for pornography, but Smith ( 1987) argued in favor of the opposite conclusion. The complexity of defining pornography renders as inappropriate comparisons across different studies that employ different methods in different time periods. Consistent definitions and methods across extensive time periods are needed to identify trends in the use of pornography. Lacking such consistency, we are able only to describe the use of pornography by specific samples of respondents in certain locations under limited circumstances.


REFERENCES

Abelson H., Cohen R., Heaton E., & Suder C. ( 1971). National survey of public attitudes toward and experience with erotic materials. Technical report of the Commission on Obscenity and Pornography, (Vol. 6). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Athanasiou R., Shaver P., & Tavris C. ( 1970, July). "Sex". Psychology Today, 4, 39- 52.

Berger A., Gagnon J., & Simon W. ( 1971 a). "Pornography: High school and college years". Technical reports of the Commission on Obscenity and Pornography (Vol. 9, pp. 165-208). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Berger A. S., Gagnon J. H., & Simon W. ( 1971b). "Urban working-class adolescents and sexually explicit media". Technical Report of the Commission on Obscenity and Pornography (Vol. 9, pp. 209-271). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Bjorksten O. J. W. ( 1976). "Sexually graphic material in the treatment of sexual disorders". In J. K. Meyer (Ed.), Clinical management of sexual disorders (pp. 161- 194). Baltimore: Williams & Williams.

Briggs M. M. ( 1978). "The use of audio-visual materials in sexuality programs". In N. Rosenzweig & F. P. Pearsall (Eds.), Sex education for the health professional: A curriculum guide (pp. 131-136). New York: Grune & Stratton.

Bryant J. ( 1985, March). Frequency of exposure, age of initial exposure, and reactions to initial exposure to pornography. Report presented to the Attorney General's Commission on Pornography, Houston, TX.

Burt M. E.H. ( 1976). "Use of pornography by women: A critical review of the literature". Case Western Reserve Journal of Sociology, 8, 1-16.

Check J. V.P. ( 1985). A survey of Canadians' attitudes regarding sexual content

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