INDUCTION.--The Induction of The Spanish Tragedy was certainly conceived in imitation of Seneca's Thyestes, which play is opened by the ghost of Tantalus in company of Megaera. Very similar is the beginning (and end) of the contemporary Misfortunes of Arthur, where the ghost of the murdered Gorlois appears, expressing his thirst for revenge. Kyd may have introduced the figure of a ghost earlier, in his Hamlet; and one might even speculate as to whether that play did not begin with an introductory speech similar to that of Andrea or Gorlois, had not the German Hamlet (Brudermord) a prologue with Night and the Furies. Of course, the ghost appears in untold dramas of the Renaissance in England and abroad, and it is needless to say to what splendid use this old requisite of the Seneca drama has been transformed by Shakspere.
I. i. 1 sqq. The opening lines have often been quoted and caricatured by contemporary dramatists, e.g. in The Knight of the Burning Pestle, The Rebellion, Albumazar, The Fair Maid of the West, etc.
I. i. 19 sqq. The description of the nether world in the Induction is principally taken from the Æneid, Canto vi.
I. i. 82. gates of horn. Of course, from Æneid, vi. 893 (cp. Odyssey, xix. 563).
I. ii. 12. The Duke of Castile addresses hisbrother here with words adapted from those famous ones originally addressed by Claudian to Honorius, the son of Theodosius the Great ( De tertioConsulatu Honorii