THE QUESTION OF TITLE
A DISCUSSION of Lowe's character inevitably raises other questions: the nature of the grievances of which Napoleon complained, and the amount of responsibility for those grievances justly attaching to the Governor. The grievances may be ranged under three heads: those relating to title, to finance, and to custody. Of these the question of title is by far the most important, for it was not merely the source of half the troubles of the captivity, but it operated as an almost absolute bar to intercourse and as an absolute veto on what might have been an amicable discussion of other grievances.
We have set forth at length the ill-advised note in which Lowe asked Napoleon to dinner. It was, in any case, a silly thing to do, but the Governor must have known that there was one phrase in it which would certainly prevent Napoleon's noticing it; for in it he was styled "GeneralBonaparte." Napoleon regarded this as an affront. When he had first landed on the island, Cockburn had sent him an invitation to a ball directed to "GeneralBonaparte." On receiving it through Bertrand, Napoleon had remarked to the Grand Marshal, "Send this card to General Bonaparte; the last I heard of him was at the Pyramids and Mount Tabor."
But, as a rule, he did not treat this matter so lightly. It was not, he said, that he cared particularly for the title of Emperor, but that when his right to it was challenged, he was bound to maintain it. We cannot