"Not New Ground, but Rights Once Dearly Won," No. 1, 1962
LOUIS E. BURNHAM
The following essay was first published in the National Guardian, February 15, 1960.
One hundred years would seem time enough and more for so rich and strong a nation as ours to redeem the promise of freedom made to an unoffending people it once held as slaves. That the promise was sealed in torrents of blood in the most bitter of wars could not but help, in ordinary circumstances, to guarantee its fulfillment. Yet the Negro today, while not a slave, is far from free, and none dares say how long, O Lord, how long before he shall cross the bar to equal and undifferentiated citizenship.
In Birmingham he may not rest for the night at the Thomas Jefferson Hotel or even the modest white hostelry. He may view the zoo animals in Memphis on Thursday, but no other day. In one city