The American Negro and the Darker World, No. 3, 1968
W. E.B. Du Bois
This speech was originally delivered April 30, 1957, in New York City on the occasion of the celebration of the second anniversary of the Asian-African ( Bandung) conference and the rebirth of Ghana. Freedomways reprinted the article in the centennial year of Dr. Du Bois's birth, 1968.
From the fifteenth through the seventeenth centuries, the Africans imported to America regarded themselves as temporary settlers destined to return eventually to Africa. Their increasing revolts against the slave system, which culminated in the eighteenth century, showed a feeling of close kinship to the motherland and even well into the nineteenth century they called their organizations "African," as witness the "African Unions" of New York and Newport, and The African Churches of Philadelphia and New York. In the West Indies and South America there was even closer indication of feelings of kinship with Africa and the East.