Antonio Aliotta (äntô´nyō älyôt´tä), 1881–1964, Italian philosopher, b. Salerno. He taught at the universities of Padua and Naples. He wrote a critical analysis of contemporary philosophy, The Idealistic Reaction Against Science (1912, tr. 1914), and then became identified with pragmatism, primarily in opposition to the idealism of Benedetto Croce and Giovanni Gentile. His complete works, in Italian, were published in 7 volumes (1949–54).