Anchieta, José de
José de Anchieta (zhŏŏzĕ´ dĬ ənshēā´tä), 1530–97, Brazilian Jesuit missionary, b. Canary Islands of Spanish parents. A tireless traveler and pioneer, he spread Portuguese control and settlement and was a founder of the city of São Paulo. He wrote in Spanish, Latin, Portuguese, and Tupi and wrote poetry as well as prose tracts on history, philosophy, and religion. He is usually regarded as the first Brazilian writer.