Bangalore (băng-gəlôr´), city (1991 pop. 2,651,000; metropolitan area 4,130,288), capital of Karnataka state, S central India, 3,000 ft (914 m) above sea level. A major industrial and transportation area of S India, Bangalore is the economically vibrant center of India's high-technology sector, including computer, biotechnology, and aircraft industries as well as international telecommunications services. The city is also an important Indian design center, and the Indian Space Research Organization has its headquarters there. Well-planned, with numerous parks and wide streets, Bangalore is a famous retirement place because of its mild climate.
It was founded in 1537, taken by Haidar Ali (c.1760), but restored to the original rulers of Bangalore after the British defeated Tippoo Sahib, the son of Haidar Ali, at Shrirangapatna in 1799. It was British India's military and civil administrative station from 1831 to 1881. The remains of the palace of Tippoo Sahib and several institutes of learning, notably the Indian Institute of Science, are outstanding landmarks. It has been proposed that Bangalore be officially renamed to Bengaluru, the name of the city in Kannada, the local language.