Bogart, Humphrey DeForest
Humphrey DeForest Bogart (bō´gärt), 1899–1957, American film actor, b. New York City. After a succession of stage roles he achieved note with his portrayal of the gangster Duke Mantee in The Petrified Forest (1934). He was in films after 1930 but it was the re-creation (1936) of that role that brought him fame, and thereafter followed a succession of notable performances in The Maltese Falcon (1941), Casablanca (1942), To Have and Have Not (1944), The Big Sleep (1946), Treasure of the Sierra Madre and Key Largo (1948), and The Caine Mutiny (1954). He became famous for portrayals of tender-hearted heroes with tough and cynical exteriors. In 1952 he won an Academy Award for The African Queen.
See S. H. Bogart, Bogart: In Search of My Father (1995); biographies by A. M. Sperber and E. Lax (1997), J. Meyer (1997), and S. Kanfer (2011).