Kim Campbell (Avril Phaedra Campbell), 1947–, Canadian political leader, prime minister of Canada (1993), b. Port Alberni, British Columbia. A litigation lawyer and originally a member of the Social Credit party, she held (1983–88) appointed and elected provincial positions in British Columbia. After joining the Progressive Conservative party, she was elected (1988) to the Canadian parliament. She served as justice minister and attorney general (1990–93) and defense minister (1993) under Prime Minister Brian Mulroney. In 1993 she succeeded Mulroney, becoming Canada's first woman prime minister, as well as the first prime minister born and raised in western Canada. Shortly thereafter she and all but two of her party's candidates lost (1993) their seats in the national elections.