Ivan Cankar (ēvän´ tsän´kär), 1876–1918, Slovenian poet. Considered one of the great Slovenian literary figures, he was influential in the development of modern satire, symbolic drama, and the psychological novel. The struggle of the outcast poor is a theme of his satirical novel Yerney's Justice (1907, tr. 1926) and many other works. Cankar also wrote satires on politics and culture.