Hans Carossa (häns kärôs´ä), 1878–1956, German poet and novelist. His autobiographical novel Childhood (1922, tr. 1930) and its sequels (1928, 1941) are noted for clear, graceful style. Führung und Geleit [guidance and companionship] (1933) contains warm vignettes of his literary mentors and friends, among them Mann, Rilke, and Hesse. Other works are A Roumanian Diary (1924, tr. 1929), the novel Doctor Gion (1931, tr. 1933), and volumes of poems (1938, 1949).