Viktor Chernov (vēk´tər chĬrnôf´), 1876–1952, Russian revolutionary. One of the founders of the Socialist Revolutionary party, he served as minister of agriculture under Kerensky in the provisional government set up after the overthrow of the czar in Nov., 1917 (Oct., 1917, O.S.). He was president of the short-lived constituent assembly (Jan., 1918). After its dissolution, Chernov headed an anti-Bolshevik government in Samara. Early in 1921 he fled abroad. He died in New York City. Chernov wrote The Great Russian Revolution (tr. 1936).