Claremont Colleges, at Claremont, Calif.; including five liberal arts and sciences colleges and two graduate schools; founded 1925, known until 1961 as the Associated Colleges at Claremont. Their history began with Pomona College (inc. 1887, opened 1888; coeducational), which centers its curriculum in the social sciences and humanities. Scripps College (chartered 1926, opened 1927; for women) has noted programs in the humanities and fine arts. Claremont McKenna College (chartered and opened 1946; coeducational) concentrates on preparing students for careers in business, the professions, and government. Harvey Mudd College (inc. 1955, opened 1957; coeducational) stresses mathematics, science, and engineering. Pitzer College (founded 1963; coeducational) emphasizes the social and behavioral sciences. Clarement Graduate Univ. (1925) offers degrees in 16 fields of study and the Keck Graduate Institute (1997) concentrates on the biosciences. The Claremont Univ. Center is the central coordinating institution. The schools have numerous research centers in science, engineering, government, international affairs, and the environment.