Helen Frankenthaler (frăngk´ənthŏlər), 1928–2011, American painter, b. New York City. A member of abstract expressionism's second generation, Frankenthaler was greatly influenced by Jackson Pollock, with whom she studied. Her abstract works evoke a lyrical and sensuous mood, as in Blue Territory (1955) and Arden (1961; both: Whitney Mus., New York City). She also developed a technique for staining unprimed canvases with color, first using it in Mountains and Sea (1952, National Gall. of Art, Washington, D.C.), which many consider a prime inspiration for the color-field painting of the 1960s. The technique later influenced such painters as Morris Louis and Kenneth Noland. Frankenthaler was also a skilled printmaker.
See studies by K. Wilkin (1985), E. A. Carmean (1989), J. Elderfield (1989), R. Fine (1993), P. Harrison (1996), J. Goldman et al. (2002), J. Brown and S. Cross (2003), A. Rowley (2008), and J. Elderfield (2013).