Raffaele Garofalo (räf-fäĕ´lā gärô´fälō), 1851–1934, Italian jurist and criminologist. He studied at the Univ. of Naples, where he later taught law and criminal procedure. Second only to Enrico Ferri, he is considered to be the most important follower of Cesare Lombroso. His major contribution was the formulation of a theory of "natural crime." The theory embraces crimes of two types: those of violence and those against property. His Criminologia (1885) was translated by R. W. Millar (1914).