Ghor, Ghowr (gôr), or Ghur (gŏŏr), mountainous region and province (1979 est. pop. 341,000), 14,085 sq mi (36,479 sq km), W central Afghanistan, including a ruined medieval city of the same name. Chagcharan is the provincial capital. The powerful Muslim Ghorid dynasty was established in the former city of Ghor in the 12th cent. It was overthrown by Muhammad of Khwarazm in 1215. Mongols under Jenghiz Khan took Ghor in 1221, after which the Karts (Mongol clients) ruled (c.1245–1379). The city then lapsed into obscurity.