Giza, Gizeh (both: gē´zə), or Al Jizah (äl jē´zö), city (1990 est. pop. 2,680,500), capital of Giza governorate, N Egypt, surburb of Cairo. It is a manufacturing and agricultural trade center. Products include textiles, cigarettes, and apparel. Giza is the seat of government ministries, cultural and research institutes, the Univ. of Cairo, and Egypt's film industry. The area was settled in antiquity. Nearby are the three Great Pyramids, surrounded by mastabas, with the Great Sphinx to the south; it has been a heavily trafficked sightseeing area for centuries.