Robert Goldwater, 1907–73, American art historian, b. New York City. Goldwater taught at Queens College, N.Y., from 1934 to 1957, when he was appointed professor of fine arts at New York Univ. The same year he also became the director of the Museum of Primitive Art, New York City. Known primarily for his work in African sculpture and modern art, he is the author of Primitivism in Modern Art (rev. ed. 1967), Rufino Tamayo (1947), Jacques Lipchitz (1954), Gauguin (1957), Sculpture from Africa (1963), and What Is Modern Sculpture? (1970).