Hamilton, Sir William (British diplomat and archaeologist)
Sir William Hamilton, 1730–1803, British diplomat and archaeologist, ambassador to Naples (1764–1800). He was the husband of Emma, Lady Hamilton, mistress of Admiral Horatio Nelson. His fine collection of antiquities from Pompeii was sold to the British Museum in 1772 and stimulated English interest in the art of the classical civilizations. His publications include Antiquités étrusques, greques et romaines (1766–67) and Mount Vesuvius (1772).
See biography by B. Fothergill (1969); J. Russell, Nelson and the Hamiltons (1969).