Gabriel Hanotaux (gäbrēĕl´ änôtō´), 1853–1944, French historian and statesman. Twice minister of foreign affairs (1894–95, 1895–98), he greatly furthered the Franco-Russian rapprochement. His chief fame is as a historian, notably as the author of Contemporary France (4 vol., 1903–8; tr., 4 vol., 1903–9) and Histoire de la fondation de la troisième république (4 vol., 1925–26). He also edited the Histoire de la nation française (15 vol., 1925–27).
See studies by T. M. Iams (1962), and A. A. Heggoy (1972).