Harrisonburg, city (1990 pop. 30,707), seat of Rockingham co., NW Va., in the Shenandoah Valley; settled 1739, inc. 1916. It is a processing center in a poultry, dairy, and livestock area. Manufactures include computers, clothing, paper and metal products, machinery, building materials, transportation equipment, chemicals, furniture, animal feeds, and fertilizers. Gen. T. J. (Stonewall) Jackson ended his renowned Valley Campaign just E of Harrisonburg in 1862, and his leading cavalry general, Turner Ashby, was killed there. James Madison Univ., Eastern Mennonite Univ., and the headquarters of George Washington National Forest are in the city. Limestone caverns and the Shenandoah National Park are nearby.