Roy Innis (Roy Emile Alfredo Innis), 1934–, American civil-rights leader, b. St. Croix, Virgin Islands. A member of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) since 1963, he has been its national director (1968–82) and has served as national chairman since 1970. In the late 1960s he traded the integrationist agenda of the civil-rights movement for the ideology of black power and a revived black nationalism. He then turned to the right, supporting Reagan-administration policies and criticizing the politics of Jesse Jackson. In 1996–98, Innis led teams that monitored elections in Nigeria.