Karl Lamprecht (kärl läm´prĕkht), 1856–1915, German historian. Opposing the notion of heroes in history, he advocated a history based on broad social, cultural, and psychological trends. His chief works are Die kulturhistorische Methode (1900) and a monumental multivolume history of Germany (1891–1913). Several of his lectures have been translated as What Is History? (1905).