Lumière, Louis Jean
Louis Jean Lumière (lwē zhäN lümyĕr´), 1864–1948, and Auguste Lumière (ōgüst´), 1862–1954, French inventors, brothers. They invented the Cinématographe, which was patented and demonstrated in 1895. This mechanism was the first to photograph, print, and project moving pictures onto a screen where they could be viewed by an audience. The portable Cinématographe was an important improvement upon the Edison kinetoscope.