James Martineau, 1805–1900, English philosopher and Unitarian clergyman; brother of Harriet Martineau. He strongly upheld the theist position against the negations of physical science. A renowned teacher and minister, he achieved international distinction in academic and religious circles. Besides numerous essays contributed to periodicals, he was the author of A Study of Spinoza (1882), Types of Ethical Theory (1885), and A Study of Religion (1888).
See study by H. Sidgwick (1902, repr. 1968).