Millet, Jean François (1814–75, French painter)

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.

Millet, Jean François (1814–75, French painter)

Jean François Millet, 1814–75, French painter. He was born into a poor farming family. In 1837 an award enabled him to go to Paris, where he studied with Delaroche. In 1849 he settled in Barbizon, where he executed such celebrated works as the Gleaners (1857) and the Angelus (1859), both now in the Louvre, and The Man with a Hoe (1860–62), in the Getty Center, Los Angeles. He was associated with members of the Barbizon school by proximity and friendship rather than by stylistic approach or treatment of subject. As a painter of melancholy scenes of peasant labor, he has been considered a social realist. Millet's paintings are noted for their power and simplicity of drawing. His work is well represented in American museums, notably in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

See M. H. Langlois, The Art and Life of Jean-François Millet (1980).

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