Gustave Moreau (güstäv´ môrō´), 1826–98, French painter. He was known for his pictures of the weird and mystical. The recipient of many honors, he refused to sell his paintings except to friends. Moreau was professor at the École des Beaux-Arts, where his pupils included Matisse and Rouault. After his death, his house in Paris (now the Musée Moreau), with his fine art collection, was bequeathed to the nation. Orpheus (Louvre) and Oedipus and the Sphinx (Metropolitan Mus.) are characteristic works.
See studies by J. and J. P. Paladilhe (1972) and G. Lacambre (1999).