Paul Strand, 1890–1976, American photographer, b. New York City. Strand studied under Lewis Hine, who introduced him to Alfred Stieglitz. At Stieglitz's famed
gallery, Strand had his first one-man exhibition (1916); the last two issues of Stieglitz's Camera Work (1917) were devoted to Strand's photography. His principal early subjects were Manhattan life and 20th-century machinery. In the 1920s he made his exquisitely composed landscape and nature photographs. Strand made documentary films in Mexico, the USSR, and the United States. His superb portraits of regions are reproduced in Time in New England (1950), Un Paese (1954), Tir A'Mhurain (1968, on the Hebrides), and Living Egypt (1969).
See his Retrospective Monograph (2 vol., 1972); Paul Strand: Sixty Years of Photographs (repr. 2005); P. Barberie and A. Bock, ed., Paul Strand: Master of Modern Photography (2014).