Texas City, city (1990 pop. 40,822), Galveston co., S Tex., on Galveston Bay, opposite the city of Galveston; inc. 1911. It is a railroad terminus and an industrial city and port with huge oil refineries, chemical plants, a large copper smelter, and factories making plastics and pipes. In Apr., 1947, a nitrate-laden ship exploded, causing a series of blasts and fires in the city; over 500 people were killed. Hurricanes in 1900, 1915, 1943, and 1961 also caused severe damage. College of the Mainland is in Texas City.