Wood, Grant

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.

Wood, Grant

Grant Wood, 1891–1942, American painter, studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and in Paris. In Munich in 1928 he was decisively influenced by German and Flemish primitive painting. Subsequently, in the 1930s, he created his "American scene" works in which stern people and stylized landscapes offer rigid, decorative images of the rural Midwest. Wood's work has a deceptively folksy simplicity, behind which often lie suggestions of darkness and sexuality. He taught at the State Univ. of Iowa and was director of WPA art projects in Iowa. His American Gothic (Art Inst., Chicago) and Daughters of Revolution have been many times reproduced; other works include Stone City (Joslyn Art Mus., Omaha, Nebr.) and a series of murals at Iowa State Univ.

See memoir by his sister, N. Wood Graham (1993); biography by R. T. Evans (2010); D. Garwood, Artist in Iowa (1944, repr. 1971); W. M. Corn, Grand Wood: The Regionalist Vision (1985, museum catalog); J. M. Dennis et al., Grant Wood: An American Master Revealed (1995, museum catalog); J. C. Milosch et al., Grant Wood's Studio (2005).

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