The History and Development of Women in Clerical Work in Sudan. (Research Notes)
Azim, Manal Abdel, Ahfad Journal
Ghada Abdellati (2001) The History and Development of Women in Clerical Work in Sudan. School of Psychology and Pre-School Education, Ahfad University for Women, Omdurman Sudan.
The research aimed to document the history and development of Women in clerical work in Sudan. It also aims at investigating the reasons that motivated women to join this field as well as the obstacles that faced them.
The research thoroughly utilized secondary data. It referred to different books, references, magazines, and records on women in clerical work and even minutes of meetings held in some selected institutions. As well, some interviews were conducted with persons considered references in the field; particularly pioneer women in clerical work as well as women from three successive generations. These generations cover pioneer women, women employees who worked or have been working since the 1970's and 80's and the third generation from the 1990's respectively. The sample taken from the Public Service Affairs Department, Department of Statistics and Post and Telegram Department.
The research stated that clerical work in Sudan had been established by the British colonial administration as part of the administrative system in the 1920's. After the independence the clerical field grew with the extension in public sector institutions. Women joined the clerical system since the 1920's, but they were exclusively non Sudanese. Women in public service corporation generally used to be recruited as permanent employees and with their marriage they were transferred to the temporary category. In out-corporation posts, clerks, telephone operators and typists, women used to be recruited through Al Mushahra (month by month contracts) that did not qualify them for the permanent service and as well were obliged to resign when ever they got married.
In 1.949 Women for the first time applied for the posts announced by the Economic and Trade Department and they were British,. …