Israeli Law Targets 'Mixed' Families; They Must Split or Leave Country
Byline: Joshua Mitnick, THE WASHINGTON TIMES
UMM AL-GHANEM, Israel - More than 20,000 Arab families face the agonizing choice of breaking up or leaving Israel after passage of a law banning Palestinian spouses of Israelis from obtaining citizenship or residence permits.
The amendment to the national citizenship law, passed two weeks ago, mainly affects Palestinians who have married Arab Israelis and joined them in Israel without obtaining the proper papers from Israel's Interior Ministry, often for years or even decades.
Salwa Abu Jaber, an Israeli Arab mother of four, said she lies awake at night waiting for police to come for her husband, Mahmoud, whom she married more than 10 years ago.
"Whenever I hear a car on the road I think it's them. At any second they could come," said Mrs. Abu Jaber, 28. "Every moment I am afraid and bothered. I know it's going to affect the children."
Israeli government statistics show that there are about 21,000 couples in the same situation as the Abu Jabers, prompting human rights groups at home and abroad to protest the legislation, which expires in a year.
Critics say the law seeks to drive a wedge between the mixed couples while destroying any remnant of normal family life for their children. But backers of the amendment argue that it is essential for Israel's self-defense during a period of war.
"Israel can't only defend itself by the power of the army," said Geula Cohen, an Israel Radio commentator and a conservative former member of parliament. "It needs to protect itself through the power of the law."
Advocates of the law include chiefs of Israel's Shin Bet security service, who argue that too many Palestinians who received residency status because of Israeli spouses have exploited those rights to aid militants in their nearly 3-year-old uprising. Last year, a suicide bombing in a Haifa restaurant was carried out by the son of a mixed couple.
The legislation was sponsored by Interior Minister Avraham Poraz, a leader of the liberal Shinui party, the No. 2 party in Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's coalition. Mr. Poraz hasn't hidden his misgivings about the law's effects on innocent Arab families, but has accepted it as unavoidable.
"It's a law that doesn't distinguish between those really involved in terrorism and those not involved. But because it's impossible to filter, there needs to something sweeping," said Tibi Rabinovich, an aide to Mr. …