Industrial Waste Management in Pakistan

By Hussain, Irshad | Economic Review, June 1991 | Go to article overview

Industrial Waste Management in Pakistan


Hussain, Irshad, Economic Review


Industrial Waste Management in Pakistan

Industrial revolution in the country would result in economic progress, prosperity, employment opportunities as has been promised by the newly elected government of Pakistan. There is, however, very little concern shown on the industrial waste management as the existing industries are causing a lot of pollution to land and environment. The liquid wastes discharge into the streams and disposal of industrial wastes by soil infiltration is certainly going to affect valuable ground-waters. The situation is going to worsen with the new industries. Secondly, more people will migrate towards cities from villages and the people population emissions will create even more disastrous effects due to the lack of proper infrastructure. Therefore, the rapid industrialization must be carried out in a well-planned manner so that emissions from people and industries do not degrade the environment further. It is needed that environmental quality control standards must be established both for waste effluent and for receiving waters to protect the environment. Environmental quality control standards for both domestic and industrial wastes were set up by the Federal Government in 1986, which have not been promulgated in their true sense as yet. These standards comprised "Relaxed Standards upto 1990" and "Ultimate Standards after 1990". The ultimate standards, however, are in fact also relaxed standards when compared with the standards adopted by the developed world. Industries in the country are of diversified nature as production of effluent is dependent upon raw material, manufacturing process, location, size and age of the plant. As such, the standards to be adopted in Pakistan require more scrutiny to be within affordable level which may require standards to be reframed for each type of industry.

While establishing the standards, it would be necessary to categorize the new and old industries. In Pakistan better chance of improvement for the new industries as with the indigenous technologies available, best demonstrated process changes in plant controls and treatment technologies which reduce pollution to maximum extent possible, can be applied. …

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