Technology (and Recycling)
Nick, James, Antiquity
PETER MURPHY & PATRICIA E.J. WILTSHIRE (ed.). The environmental archaeology of industry (Symposia of the Association for Environmental Archaeology No. 20). xii+170 pages, 48 figures, 30 tables. 2003. Oxford: Oxbow 1-84217-084-8 paperback 30 [pounds sterling].
MICHAEL BRIAN SCHIFFER with KACY L. HOLLENBACK & CARRIE L. BELL, Draw the lightning down: Benjamin Franklin and electrical technology in the age of enlightenment, xiv+384 pages, 38 figures. 2003. Berkeley (CA): University of California Press; 0-520-23802-8 hardback $34.95 & 22.95 [pounds sterling].
NICHOLAS J. SAUNDERS. Trench art: materialities and memories of war. xii+254 pages, 70 figures. 2003. Oxford: Berg; 1-85973-603-3 50 [pounds sterling], 1-85973-608-4 15.99 [pounds sterling].
The environmental archaeology is lively. There are a couple of papers on mining and smelting (Austria, Dartmoor) and two on fuel--a systematic appraisal of evidence from lowland Britain, warning about dwindling evidence (R. Gale) and a case study of the demands of iron production on woods. There is one on tanning and horn-working in Bruges; and 'the mystery of the missing goat' by U. Albarella. Five on proxy indicators include R. Macphail on microscopic traces, A. Hall & H. Kenward on invertebrates, and M. Robinson on 'apparent lack of water pollution' from retting Saxon flax. …