A Cautious Go-Ahead for Globalization
Bowman, Karlyn, The American Enterprise
Americans believe that globalization is mostly good for the U.S., but they are divided about whether it will help them and their families. Only about 10 percent want to try to stop or reverse it. The largest number, 40 percent, are content to allow it to continue. People are aware that globalization may mean less security for American workers. They recognize that workers in other countries will work for lower wages and that American consumers want the lowest possible prices.
People around the world recognize that global trade, communications, and cultural ties are increasing, and substantial majorities think that this is a good thing for their countries and for them and their families. The results are especially impressive, because in many of the countries surveyed people thought that the availability of good-paying jobs in their countries had gotten worse over the past five years.
People around the world are enthusiastic about the rapid spread of popular culture (movies, television shows, and music) around the globe. They believe that English will be the language of the new global economic order. In Canada, Great Britain, France and Germany substantial majorities are already travelling beyond their own country's borders.
Question: Do you believe ...?
Globalization, especially the Increasing connections of our Economy with others around the World, is mostly good for the U.S. Good 56% Not sure 9% Neutral 8% Mostly Bad 27% Source: Harris Interactive for the Chicago Council on Foreign Relations and the German Marshall Fund, June 2002. Note: Table made from pie graph.
Question: Do you think ...?
A global economy will probably help the financial situation of me and my family in the future Me 36% Definitely help 4% Don't know 20% Definitely hurt 11% Probably hurt 29% Source: Pew Research Center for the People & the Press, January 2003. Note: Table made from pie graph.
Question: Overall, with regard to further globalization, do you think ...?
The United State should actively promote globalization Actively promote 19% No answer 4% Try to stop it or reverse it 9% Try to slow it down 29% Simply allow globalization to continue 40% Source: Knowledge Networks for the Program for International Policy Attitudes, December 2003-January 2004. Note: Table made from pie graph.
Question: Overall, do you think ...?
Globalization is a good thing for ... Bad thing Providing jobs and strengthening the 64% 21% economy in poor countries Democracy and human rights abroad 61 20 Consumers like you 55 27 American companies 55 30 Maintaining cultural 53 28 diversity in the world The U.S. economy 52 20 Your own standard of living 51 28 Creating jobs in the U.S. 43 41 The environment 42 37 Job security for American workers 32 51 Source: Harris Interactive for the Chicago Council on Foreign Relations and the German Marshall Fund, June 2002. Note: Table made from bar graph.
Question: As I mention some possible reasons for the loss of American jobs to foreign competitors, please tell me if you think each is a ...
The reason Minor Not a reason reason People in other countries are 80% 11% 5% willing to work for lower pay Investors and CEOs want profits 77 13 4 and don't care where they come from Other countries have lower 61 20 11 anvironmental and worker health standards Consumers in this country want 56 28 11 everything at the lowest possible price Weak corporate leadership here 42 28 20 Labor unions here have too much 35 32 27 power Source: Pricenton Survey Research Associates for Newsweek, February 2004. …