Australia Tops the GHG League Table
A June report by the independent research centre, The Australia Institute, claims that, on a comprehensive basis, Australians actually have the highest greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions per person of all industrialised nations, 27% higher in fact than those of US citizens, and more than double the average for industrialised countries.
It is a provocative finding given an accepted view that Australia generally ranks behind other nations such as the US in emission levels. According to the report this is because 'to date only data on energy-related emissions per capita have ever been considered. When measured on this partial basis Australia's per capita emissions are high, but are exceeded by other industrialised countries'.
The Institute's calculations, made on an encompassing basis for all industrialised countries, drew on data from national communications and GHG inventory submissions to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change secretariat. The report 'presents the most recent and consistent estimates of per capita emissions, covering the years up to and including ... 2001.' Historical numbers on the per capita emissions of Annex 1 nations between 1990 and 2001 inclusive were also considered.
Author Hal Turton, currently a researcher at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Austria, writes that it is not the case, as has been argued, that Australia's small population means, in absolute terms, that it is not a major greenhouse polluter. Our total emissions exceed those of major European economies such as France and Italy (each with three times Australia's population) and are only 20% lower than those of the UK. 'Thus if Australia's contribution to climate change is trivial, then so are those of these countries', Turton points out.
The report suggests that a 7.5% decline in Australia's per capita emissions between 1990 and 2001 due to land clearing reductions actually masked the robust increase in emissions from other sources, especially energy. According to Turton, 'This has allowed the Australian Government to claim that it is 'on track' to meet its target under the Kyoto Protocol. However, as land clearing emissions stabilise at a low level in the next few years, the underlying, and rapid, increase in energy-related emissions will see Australia's total emissions rise.'
In assessing the factors behind Australia's rankings, the report breaks down the activities and sectors responsible for the difference in per capita C[O.sub.2] emissions from fuel combustion between Australia and the EU as a whole. …