Career Development of Women in Information Technology

By Kaminski, Jennifer A. Muryn; Reilly, Anne H. | SAM Advanced Management Journal, Autumn 2004 | Go to article overview

Career Development of Women in Information Technology

Kaminski, Jennifer A. Muryn, Reilly, Anne H., SAM Advanced Management Journal

Progress in science and technology is critical to the ability of U.S. organizations to stay competitive in a global marketplace, as well to continuous improvements in the standard of living American workers expect. In today's world of e-commerce and instant communication, companies depend on technological and computer expertise at all employment levels. Therefore, jobs in information technology and related fields have increased dramatically in recent years, and this trend is expected to continue well into the future.

The Information Technology Job Sector and Its Importance

The Information Technology Association of American (ITAA) estimates the U.S. information technology (IT) workforce in the range of 3.6 million workers (Messmer, 2003), and IT employment is projected to be among the fastest growing, according to Hecker (1999). Database administrators, computer support specialists, and all other computer scientists are projected to increase 118%; computer engineers, 109%; systems analysts, 103%; and computer programmers, 23%. (Abundant Career Opportunities Projected in Information Technology 1998). Kurtz (2003) notes that eight of the 10 fastest-growing U.S. occupations from 2000 to 2010 were in information technology. Additionally, employment in industries peripheral to high-tech but generated by purchases of high-technology industries has also increased substantially (Hecker, 1999).

Substantial evidence documents the importance to organizational effectiveness of skilled and motivated IT workers. In a survey of information technology executives, conducted by the ITAA and published by the U.S. Department of Commerce, "50% cited a lack of skilled/trained workers as 'the most significant barrier' to their companies growth during the next year." (America's New Deficit: The shortage of Information Technology Workers, 1997). This was viewed as a greater problem than economic conditions, profitability and lack of capital investment, taxes or regulation. An additional 20% of the IT executives reported that the shortage was a barrier to their companies' immediate growth. Further, an international survey of approximately 1,500 chief information officers conducted by Deloitte & Touche Consulting Group, cited in the same article, noted that IT managers throughout the world were experiencing a difficult combination of unprecedented demand for IT workers and high turnover rates, reported to be as high as 45%. In addition, this 1997 U.S. Department of Commerce report discussed the alarming possibility that the nation's ability to develop innovative products would be inhibited due to a shortage of IT workers, resulting in both a reduction of U.S. competitiveness as well as a constraint on economic growth. Just to be able to staff their organizations, IT hiring managers will be required to pay close attention to the career development issues facing their employees.

Career Issues in Information Technology

Defining "information technology" is subjective because it involves different types of industries and firms. The U.S. Congressional Office of Technology Assessment defines "high technology" firms as those engaged in designing, developing, and introducing new products and processes (Hecker, 1999). According to the Department of Labor, the IT industry includes all scientists, engineers, and technicians who create and apply new technologies regardless of their industry. Other occupations within IT include engineers, scientists, mathematical and computer specialists, technicians, managers of these positions, as well as those involved in delivering products or services within technology. The complexity and variety of skill sets required within IT contributes to career issues that are unique to employees in this industry. For purposes of this study, we use the following broad definition of information technology: "a term that covers all forms of technology used to create, store, transmit, interpret, and manipulate information in its various formats" (www. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Cite this article

Cited article

Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Career Development of Women in Information Technology


Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25,

    New feature

    It is estimated that 1 in 10 people have dyslexia, and in an effort to make Questia easier to use for those people, we have added a new choice of font to the Reader. That font is called OpenDyslexic, and has been designed to help with some of the symptoms of dyslexia. For more information on this font, please visit

    To use OpenDyslexic, choose it from the Typeface list in Font settings.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search


    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.