Western Management Training in Poland: A Case Study
Ryan, Leo V., C. S. V., Review of Business
Academics, consultants and functional specialists have recognized the great need for developing managers in all the countries of the former Soviet bloc and have flocked to those countries in great numbers. This need has become the focus of western attention. One example is the U.S. Congressional Aid Program for Poland which contains a provision for management education.
In Poland. many persons speak humorously, sometimes amusingly and sometimes cynically, about the "Marriott Brigade." They refer to the host of short time specialists who descend upon Warsaw, lodge at the very expensive and very American Marriott, deliver advice or a lecture, and remain safely isolated at the Marriott until they return home. What Poland needs is less short term and more sustained efforts and management development programs in cities outside the capital.
Numerous U.S. colleges and universities have responded to the opportunity for cooperative efforts and joint programs in management development, and numerous models of cooperation have begun to emerge. This article will define some of the options, identify some existing models of cooperation, indicate some of the universities involved and conclude with a case study illustration of the variety of cooperation programs designed and undertaken by DePaul University.
Toward the end of 1990 more than thirty existing Polish institutions had begun to offer training in management, industry and commerce. Most schools are oriented toward general management, but some programs specialize in capital markets. securities, privatization. corporate restructuring and entrepreneurship. Many training programs are short term. Some of these programs are designed to prepare managers in state enterprises for the transition to privatization. Other programs take longer (10 to 12 months), while the newly developing business curricula in the state universities are long term programs (up to 5 years).
In Poland today the various models of management training include:
1. Management Schools with country links, i.e. Polish American Business School or the Polish-German Business School.
2. Newly established training centers for business and industry i.e. International Business School, Warsaw; International Management School and International Management Centre of Warsaw University.
3. Newly established University Departments of Business Studies, i.e. Business Administration, School of Law and Administration, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan; Business Studies, Catholic University, Lublin; and the Department of Organization and Management, University of Lodz.
4. Separate schools of business linked to an established university, i.e. Torun Business School affiliated with Nicholas Copernicus University, Torun.
5. Separate schools of business with loose affiliations with specific academic institutions, i.e. Lublin Business School with Catholic University of Lublin. The "loose affiliation" here means a tie primarily because some of the Lublin Business School faculty are also present or former Catholic University faculty.
6. Essentially private (proprietary) schools organized with faculty from a specific university but not formally a part of the university. Faculty from the University of Lodz are affiliated with two satellite centers. The Business School at Belchatow is, in fact, organized by the local newspaper. The School of Management at Tomasztow-Mas is also privately organized and staffed by University of Lodz faculty. In Poland, faculty often teach at more than one institution. Today, because of the shortage of faculty qualified to teach free market economics and to relate Western European or American experiences in the functional areas of business, those few faculty are in great demand.
7. A local foundation is established by individuals, or by a group of business leaders who, in turn, establish a "not-for-profit" but proprietary school of management, i. …